Gadchiroli district was carved out on the 26th of August 1982 by the division of erstwhile Chandrapur district. Earlier, it was a part of Chandrapur District and only two places namely Gadchiroli and Sironcha were tahsils of Chandrapur District before the formation of Gadchiroli District.
Gadchiroli district is situated on the North-Eastern side of Maharashtra State & is well known for Naxalite activities; having State borders of Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh close by Naxalites have taken shelter in the dense forest & hills of this district.
Total population of the district is 9,70,294. Male and female population is 4,91,101 and 4,79,193 respectively(As per Census 2001). SC and ST population in the district is 1,08,824 and 3,71,696 (As per 2001 Census ). The literacy rate of district is 60.1%(as per census 2001). The Tribal Community population that resides in the district is 38.3 % ( As per Census 2001).
The district is categoried as Tribal and undeveloped district and most of the land is covered with forest and hills. Forests cover more than 75.96 % of the geographical area of the district. This district is famous for Bamboo and Tendu leaves. Paddy is the main agriculture produce in this district. The other Agriculture Produce in the district are Jwar, Linseed, Tur, Wheat. The Main profession of the people is farming.
Seven languages are spoken in the district ie, Gondi, Madiya , Marathi, Hindi, Telugu, Bengali, Chattisgadi.
The district is divided into three Sub-Divisions i.e. Gadchiroli, Aheri and Desaiganj respectively and each sub-division has four talukas. 467 Gram Panchayats and 1688 Revenue Villages. The district has three Legislative Assembly Constituencies namely Gadchiroli, Armori and Sironcha. Basically, the district is distributed into 12 talukas and 12 Panchayat Samitis. Only, two Municipaltis exist in the district i.e. at Gadchiroli and Wadsa.
The main river basin of the district is Godavari which borders the southern boundary of the district and flows West to East. The major sub-basins of the Godavari are Pranhita sub-basins which is named after the confluence of two major sub-basins ie Wainganga and Wardha River near Chaprala village of Chamorshi Taluka; and Indravati sub-basin.
The eastern part of district ie, Dhanora, Etappali, Aheri and Sironcha talukas; are covered by the forest. Hills are located in the areas of Bhamaragad, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad in the district.